english francais Datenschutz/Impressum

Historic agricultural equipment on the monastery mill premises

View into the barn of the mill
Implements for tillage and harvesting exists, since people cultivated cereals for human nutrition. The technical development started with the wooden ridging plough and the sickle derived from Stone Age knives. The preliminary end of the continuous advances of agricultural mechanization presently is the combine harvester.
The fellowship of the watermill has restored and exhibited some of the farming machinery in the barn of the mill. All machines originate from the first half of the 20th century. Where it seemed useful, we have applied electrical motors to those devices which were otherwise drawn by horses or even worked on by men's energy. This enables the visitor to put them into motion by simply pressing a button. This makes him see how they function and which characteristic noise goes along with it.

The plow (plough)

Tillage starts with plowing the soil. The plow breaks up, crumbles and turns the soil in depth. Plant residues and manure promote the tilth. Both nourish the micro organisms, loosen the soil, provide a pool of nutrients for the plants, and by this improve the quality of the soil.
In a fertile soil there are voids in the surface soil. They are important for the hydraulic conductivity and soil aeration.



The cultivator
The cultivator

Whereas the plow cuts deep into the soil, the harrow loosens the soil flat at the surface, levels and breaks up the clods.
The cultivator not only loosens, mixes, and crumbles the soil for preparing the seedbed, but also supports weed control
The grain drill

Each plant needs suitable environment for producing a good yield. The proper way of sowing determines the conditions for good yield. In sowing you discern between
Brodcast seeding: The seed is spread in broad throws across the land: e.g. grass, clover
Row seeding:The seed is put in rows at equal depth: e.g. grain.
Dibbling, pocket drilling:he seed is put in small heaps in rows: e.g. turnips, vegetables
Precision single-grain drilling:Single seeds are put in rows at equal distances and equal depth: e.g. turnips


The grain drill

The fertilizer spreader
The fertilizer spreader

The mower

Next to the horses' leader sat another person which raised or lowered the Ableger by foot. When raised, the Ableger would collect the mown straw.
If the amount of stalks was sufficient for forming a sheaf, the Ableger would be lowered, and the sheaves put aside with a rake or a stick.


The mower (by Osborne/USA c.1920)

The horse rake
The horse rake

The horse rake was used for raking hay or grain. After having been mowed the grain stalks were bound into sheafs and put up in shocks for drying.
The horse rake was used to gather the remnant stalks from the ground.
The peg-drum tresher

The sheaf would be put by hand with the ears head on into the thresher. The drum cuts the stalks and tears them into the machine and threshes the grain. The straw walker under the machine shakes out the straw. The grain falls through duck-boards to the ground. Later on the grain will be cleansed by the winnower


The peg-drum tresher

The winnower by Amazonenwerke c. 1920
The winnower

Machines for cleaning grain were used to cleanse the threshed grain from cereals and material making it uneatable; moving sieves and blowing air through fans helped to separate the sound grain from the unhealthy dust, stones, or bitter vetches, and peas

The broad tresher

This broad thresher combines the peg-drum thresher with the winnower for grain cleaning


The broad tresher by Meyer, Twistringen c. 1930